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The  Membrane  Electrode  Assembly  (MEA)  is  the  core  component  of  a  fuel  cell  that  helps  produce  the  electrochemical  reaction  needed  to  separate  electrons.  On  the  anode  side  of  the  MEA,  a  fuel  (hydrogen,  methanol  etc.)  diffuses  through  the  membrane  and  is  met  on  the  cathode  end  by  an  oxidant  (oxygen  or  air)  which  bonds  with  the  fuel  and  receives  the  electrons  that  were  separated  from  the  fuel.  Catalysts  on  each  side  enable  reactions  and  the  membrane  allows  protons  to  pass  through  while  keeping  the  gases  separate.  In  this  way  cell  potential  is  maintained  and  current  is  drawn  from  the  cell  producing  electricity.

The  global  Membrane  Electrode  Assemblies  market  will  reach  xxx  Million  USD  in  2018  and  CAGR  xx%  2018-2023.  The  report  begins  from  overview  of  Industry  Chain  structure,  and  describes  industry  environment,  then  analyses  market  size  and  forecast  of  Membrane  Electrode  Assemblies  by  product,  region  and  application,  in  addition,  this  report  introduces  market  competition  situation  among  the  vendors  and  company  profile,  besides,  market  price  analysis  and  value  chain  features  are  covered  in  this  report.

Product  Type  Coverage  (Market  Size  &  Forecast,  Major  Company  of  Product  Type  etc.):
               3-layer  MEA
               5-layer  MEA
               Others
Company  Coverage  (Sales  Revenue,  Price,  Gross  Margin,  Main  Products  etc.):
               3M
               Dupont  (Chemours)
               Gore
               Johnson  Matthey
               Ballard
               Greenerity
               Wuhan  WUT
               IRD  Fuel  Cells
               Giner
               HyPlat
Application  Coverage  (Market  Size  &  Forecast,  Different  Demand  Market  by  Region,  Main  Consumer  Profile  etc.):
               Hydrogen  Fuel  Cells
               Methanol  Fuel  Cells
               Others
Region  Coverage  (Regional  Production,  Demand  &  Forecast  by  Countries  etc.):
               North  America  (U.S.,  Canada,  Mexico)
               Europe  (Germany,  U.K.,  France,  Italy,  Russia,  Spain  etc.)
               Asia-Pacific  (China,  India,  Japan,  Southeast  Asia  etc.)
               South  America  (Brazil,  Argentina  etc.)
               Middle  East  &  Africa  (Saudi  Arabia,  South  Africa  etc.)
Snapshot
Wind  turbine  blade  is  mounted  on  the  wind  turbine.  Most  wind  turbines  have  three  blades,  though  there  are  some  with  two  blades.  Blades  are  generally  30  to  50  meters  (100  to  165  feet)  long,  with  the  most  common  sizes  around  40  meters  (130  feet).  Longer  blades  are  being  designed  and  tested.  Blade  weights  vary,  depending  on  the  design  and  materials—a  40  meter  LM  Glasfiber  blade  for  a  1.5  MW  turbine  weighs  5,780  kg  (6.4  tons)  and  one  for  a  2.0  MW  turbine  weighs  6,290  kg  (6.9  tons).

The  global  Wind  Turbine  Blade  market  will  reach  xxx  Million  USD  in  2018  and  CAGR  xx%  2018-2023.  The  report  begins  from  overview  of  Industry  Chain  structure,  and  describes  industry  environment,  then  analyses  market  size  and  forecast  of  Wind  Turbine  Blade  by  product,  region  and  application,  in  addition,  this  report  introduces  market  competition  situation  among  the  vendors  and  company  profile,  besides,  market  price  analysis  and  value  chain  features  are  covered  in  this  report.

Product  Type  Coverage  (Market  Size  &  Forecast,  Major  Company  of  Product  Type  etc.):
               <  1.5  MW
               1.5  MW
               1.5-2.0  MW
       2.0  MW
       2.0-3.0  MW
       3.0  MW
       3.0-5.0  MW
       =5.0  MW
Company  Coverage  (Sales  Revenue,  Price,  Gross  Margin,  Main  Products  etc.):
               Zhongfu  Lianzhong
               Avic
               Sinoma
               TMT
               New  United
               United  power
               Mingyang
               XEMC  New  Energy
               DEC
               Haizhuang
               Wanyuan
               SANY
Application  Coverage  (Market  Size  &  Forecast,  Different  Demand  Market  by  Region,  Main  Consumer  Profile  etc.):
               Offshore  Wind  Blade
               Onshore  Wind  Blade
Region  Coverage  (Regional  Production,  Demand  &  Forecast  by  Countries  etc.):
               North  America  (U.S.,  Canada,  Mexico)
               Europe  (Germany,  U.K.,  France,  Italy,  Russia,  Spain  etc.)
               Asia-Pacific  (China,  India,  Japan,  Southeast  Asia  etc.)
               South  America  (Brazil,  Argentina  etc.)
               Middle  East  &  Africa  (Saudi  Arabia,  South  Africa  etc.)
Summary
The  global  Electric  Vehicles  Battery  market  will  reach    Million  USD  in  2018  and  CAGR  xx%  2011-2017.  The  report  begins  from  overview  of  Industry  Chain  structure,  and  describes  industry  environment,  then  analyses  market  size  and  forecast  of  Electric  Vehicles  Battery  by  product,  region  and  application,  in  addition,  this  report  introduces  market  competition  situation  among  the  vendors  and  company  profile,  besides,  market  price  analysis  and  value  chain  features  are  covered  in  this  report.

Product  Type  Coverage  (Market  Size  &  Forecast,  Major  Company  of  Product  Type  etc.):
               Lithium  Ion  Battery
               NI-MH  Battery
               Other  Battery
               
               
               
Company  Coverage  (Sales  Revenue,  Price,  Gross  Margin,  Main  Products  etc.):
               BYD
               Panasonic
               CATL
               OptimumNano
               LG  Chem
               GuoXuan
               Lishen
               PEVE
               AESC
               Samsung
               Lithium  Energy  Japan
               Beijing  Pride  Power
               BAK  Battery
               WanXiang
               Hitachi
               ACCUmotive
               Boston  Power
Application  Coverage  (Market  Size  &  Forecast,  Different  Demand  Market  by  Region,  Main  Consumer  Profile  etc.):
               HEVs
               BEVs
Region  Coverage  (Regional  Output,  Demand  &  Forecast  by  Countries  etc.):
               North  America
               Europe
               Asia-Pacific
               South  America
               Middle  East  &  Africa

A lithium-particle battery is a class of rechargeable battery in which lithium particles trade from the negative terminal to the positive cathode among discharge and back while charging. Li-particle batteries use a presented lithium compound as a cathode material, contrasted and the metallic lithium used as a piece of a non-rechargeable lithium battery. The electrolyte, which thinks about ionic advancement, and the two terminals are the constituent parts of a lithium-molecule battery cell. Lithium-molecule batteries are essential in-home contraptions. They are a champion among the most predominant sorts of rechargeable batteries for advantageous devices, with a high imperativeness thickness, minor memory impact, and low self-discharge. LIBs are rising in pervasiveness for military, flight, and battery electric vehicle. For example, lithium-particle batteries are transforming into a run of the mill exchange for the lead–acid batteries that have been used obviously for golf trucks and utility vehicles. As opposed to overpowering lead plates and destructive electrolyte, the example is to use lightweight lithium-molecule battery packs that can give an indistinct voltage from lead-destructive batteries, so no change in accordance with the vehicle's drive system is required.

The market for lithium ion battery is driven by the upsurge in demand for electric vehicles. Strict government regulations regarding fuel economy also drive the market. Moreover, the increase in demand from smart devices and other electronic devices boosts the market for lithium ion battery. Also, the development regarding the improvement of lithium ion batteries drives the market. However, the market growth is restricted by the fact that it possesses security threat on being over heated. Also, the insufficient charging infrastructure hampers the market growth. There is a huge growth opportunity for the lithium ion battery market owing to the growing adoption of new technologies in lithium ion battery. Moreover, the downfall in lithium ion battery prices has led to its increased adoption in various applications.

The lithium ion battery market is classified on the basis of material type, type, resources, power capacity, end-user industry, and regions. By material type, the global lithium ion battery market can be segmented into the anode, cathode, an electrolytic solution, and others including foil, binder, and separators. Lithium nickel manganese cobalt, lithium iron phosphate, lithium cobalt oxide, lithium titanate oxide, lithium manganese oxide, and lithium nickel cobalt aluminum oxide are the various types of lithium ion battery. Based on resources, the market can be bifurcated into proven resources, export & import of lithium ion battery, pricing trend, and companies exploring lithium. 0 to 3000 mAh, 3000 mAh to 10000 mAh, 10000 mAh to 60000 mAh, and more than 60000 mAh are the various capacities of lithium ion battery. Lithium ion battery finds its application in various end-user industries such as consumer electronics, automotive, aerospace & defense, marine, medical, industrial, and power.

North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Middle East are the geographical segmentation of lithium ion battery market. Asia-Pacific region dominated the lithium ion battery market in the current year owing to the rise in the end-user industries. Major manufacturers for lithium ion battery market include Toshiba Corporation, Panasonic Corporation, GS Yuasa International Ltd., Automotive Energy Supply Corporation, A123 systems, Inc., Samsung SDI Co. Ltd., Hitachi Chemical Co. Ltd., LG Chem Power, and China BAK Battery Co. Ltd.

The technique that is used to augment the crude oil amount that can be extracted from the reservoir is referred to as chemical enhanced oil recovery. In this procedure, the oil recovery is improved by injecting substance into the oil well so as to increase pressure and diminish crude oil viscosity. In traditional process, the recovery from oil well is over 25% of the oil reserve capacity whereas with the help of EOR techniques around 70% of the oil can be extracted from the reservoir. In instances of heavy oil reservoir where extraction of crude from primary recovery is difficult, the techniques of EOR such as thermal injection are broadly used to enhance the oil recovery process. However, in cases when the reservoirs are deep or too thin, this technique is not effective. Also, high capital investment is required in case of thermal injection technique which may offer feasible solution in case of smaller oil fields. In similar manner, the techniques of chemical injection are highly effective to boost the yield in case of wet oil reservoirs. High usage of gas injection techniques as tertiary recovery method especially CO2 injection techniques are anticipated to step up the enhanced oil recovery market growth.

Owing to declining oil prices since last years, the global enhanced oil recovery market is gaining traction that has negatively impacted the profit margin of oil producers. But, rising number of matured reserves along with large production of shale gas is expected to fuel the market growth. Thereby, oil produce are focused on Enhancement Of Oil Production From Existing Wells as compared to investing in new wells. These factors are projected to fuel the growth of global enhanced oil recovery market. Other than this, the EOR gas injection technique offers more advantage for the commercial scale usage of carbon dioxide (CO2) produced by different industries and power plants along with government initiatives for the green house gases disposal is anticipated to fuel the demand of enhanced oil recovery market over the future years.

The global enhanced oil recovery market is classified based on technology and region. The various technologies used in the global enhanced oil recovery market include chemical, gas, and thermal. Depending upon geography, this global market is segmented into Europe, Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America and Middle East & Africa.

Amongst the technology-based market segments, the thermal injection technology market segment for enhanced oil recovery commands the major share in the global market. This segment commands over 50% of the total enhanced oil recovery market. However, in the forecast years, increasing rate of adoption of other enhanced oil recovery technologies and the maturing market for thermal injection technology will delay the progress of this segment.

Geographically, North America holds a majority of share in the overall enhanced oil recovery market. The Latin American as well as Middle East & African market commands second largest share in the global enhanced oil recovery market. The Middle East & Africa and European regional segment will attain success in the enhanced oil recovery market owing to the presence of huge oil reserves in the Middle East. The European market will prosper owing to the initiation of various projects in Russia in the future.

Some of the major players profiled in the global enhanced oil recovery market include ExxonMobil Corporation, Cenovus Energy Inc, Anadarko Petroleum Corporation, Royal Dutch Shell Plc, BP Plc, Chevron Corporation, and Statoil ASA.

Solar Pump is a pump which drives on electricity that is generated by thermal energy or photovoltaic panels in which solar energy is directly converted into direct current electricity. These solar pumps last for more than 16 years on field. Expanding farming exercises combined with water extraction for water system in view of sustainable power source is relied upon to drive the worldwide solar power pumps in the coming years. Nations, for example, China, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Morocco, Kenya, Namibia, and Nigeria have set focuses to lessen petroleum product imports and advantage fiscally from it. These locales have inexhaustible sun oriented vitality supply with an enormous sustainable power source tapping potential. This factor is required to enlarge sun powered pump showcase development over the conjecture time frame. Expanding government endowments from as money related impetus to introduce solar power pumps is additionally anticipated that would drive the market development over the figure time frame. Expanding reliance on sustainable power source construct items in light of record of exhausting petroleum derivative stores is likewise anticipated that would drive sunlight based pumps advertise over the figure time frame.

Solar pumps are also often termed as Solar PV water pumping systems. These pumps are extremely useful at the times when grid electricity is unreachable and substitute sources (in particular wind) do not provide adequate energy. Moreover, advancements in agriculture, better demand for other water intensive industries coupled with increasing government support (tax and subsidies benefits) are the major factors driving the growth in solar pumps market. Solar power pumps are fundamentally utilized for farming and drinking water purposes. They are utilized as a part of remote areas where off-lattice vitality as power isn't accessible. Utilization of sun based vitality to drive draws chop down the working cost, which is significantly devoured as diesel. Stringent government directions to lessen carbon impressions into the environment are relied upon to expand sunlight based pumps showcase development throughout the following seven years. Sun oriented vitality utilized for water pumps does not produce any carbon impressions into the air and gives a spotless wellspring of vitality. Government sponsorships as monetary motivating forces to ranchers and solar power pump makers are relied upon to surge the market growth in coming years. In any case, high starting cost coupled with customary diesel pumps is expected to deter the market growth to some extent.

The global Solar pumps market is segmented on the basis of product application and geography. On the basis of product, the global solar pumps market can be segmented into DC surface suction solar pumps, ac submersible solar pumps, DC submersible solar pumps, ac floating solar pumps. On the basis of application, the market is segmented into agriculture and drinking water. On the basis of geography, the global solar pumps market can be segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Latin America and Middle East and Africa.

Some of the major companies in the global Solar pumps market are Lorentz, SunEdison, Grundfos, USL, Bright Solar, CRI Pumps, TATA Power Solar Systems Ltd., and Shakti Pumps.

Solar cell is especially made by setting at least one layers of photovoltaic material on a surface, for example, plastic, glass, or metal. The thickness of these cells shifts from couple of nanometers to micrometers and are moderately lightweight and adaptable. These cells are perfect for assortment of uses, attributable to their non-entering peel and adaptability. These are generally utilized for private, business, and utility purposes. Solar cell oriented cells are financially savvy and is an effective approach to change daylight into power. These movies possess the property of bandgap and require ten times lesser amount of material to ingest light when contrasted with silicon. Thin movies are less demanding to work with and used minimal effort substrate that make them moderately less expensive when contrasted with silicon. In addition, a few research exercises came about into the expanded proficiency of solar cell powered cell, which beat multi-crystalline silicon cells.

Government activities to advance the reception of feasible vitality will drive worldwide sun based cells advertise measure. Tax breaks, low import obligation, budgetary help, endowment, nourish in duty and net metering are a portion of the plans acquainted by individual government with advance the business. Under National Sunlight based Mission (NSM) Legislature of India, has affirmed the financial plan of Rs. 50 billion for usage of Lattice Associated rooftop solar frameworks. This will advance and bolster the establishment of 4.2 GW housetop frameworks in the nation in coming years. Developing interest for the decentralized age frameworks among creating nations will expand the entrance of the sustainable power source in future. Universally, more than 1 billion of worldwide populace have no or poor access to power. Marks toward zap in off-framework areas will help the interest for sustainable power source in the close term. Developing interest for sustainable power source over traditional energizes combined with government measures toward vitality protection will supplement the market growth.. Progression of innovation with expanding generation limit has seen a decrease in general item framework cost which may further provide the opportunity for market growth. In addition, long term solar power purchase agreements as well as certain schemes such as feed in tariff and subsidies will further augment the demand for the on grid installation over the forecasted years. On the other hand, increment in mindfulness toward boosting efficient power vitality, ascend in vitality utilization universally, development in establishment adaptability, and cost and execution effectiveness of thin film solar cell. In any case, high introductory assembling cost and mechanical multifaceted nature related with the utilization thin-film solar cells is expected to deter the market growth to some extent. Moreover, rise in environmental concerns coupled with increase in the number of research activities in the field of thin film solar cells are required to give a significant development opportunity soon.

The global solar cell market is segmented on the basis of product and geography. On the basis of product, the global solar cell market can be segmented into silicon wafer and thin film. On the basis of geography, the global solar cell market can be segmented into North America

Some of the major companies in the global solar cell market are Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Jinko Solar, Trina Solar., First Solar, Canadian Solar, Moser Bear India, Yingli Solar, Sun Power Corporation, Sunedison, Inc., Indosolar.

Photovoltaic glass is coordinated with sun powered cells to think daylight and change over sunlight based vitality to power. Semiconductors and photovoltaic cells are implanted between the sheets of glass which is utilized on the modules. It constitutes for more than 80% of the module by weight and acts as the prime cooperation amongst module and light. Once in a while an extra plastic hostile to intelligent sheet or covering is connected to improve the impact of glass cover to create power, forestall UV radiations, persevere through extraordinary temperature conditions and give foreseen straightforwardness.       

Stringent strategies and controls relating to clean vitality reception combined with laws to check Greenhouse Gas (GHG) outflows will support the worldwide sun based PV glass advertise measure. Great government activities to energize the reception of economic vitality for building envelopes will emphatically impact the business viewpoint. In 2015, the U.S. government presented Executive Order (EO) 13693 to design the Federal Sustainability and slice the GHG outflows up to 40% from 2008 levels throughout the following decade. The strategy likewise coordinates to use sustainable electric vitality for 30% of the aggregate building power use by 2025.

Developing ventures to investigate the undiscovered photovoltaic potential among creating nations including India, Algeria, Jordan, Chile, Nigeria and Argentina will additionally fortify the sun oriented PV glass showcase development. In 2016, Argentina Ministry of Energy declared the foundation of 58 PV ventures with consolidated limit of 2,834 MW under RenovAr program. The Government of Jordan is working forcefully to add to 300 to 600 MW of photovoltaic limit by 2020. Uplifting viewpoint towards sustainable industry alongside presentation of appropriations and refunds will fuel the sun oriented PV glass showcase development. The leveled cost of new PV plants in the U.S. have diminished fundamentally finished years attributable to Investment Tax Credit (ITC) arrangement of the nation. In October 2016, the U.S. Vitality Information Administration (EIA) announced that the nation had an aggregate establishment of 12.6 GW of little scale sun oriented photovoltaic frameworks dominant part of which falls under private segment. Stringent government directions against carbon emanations alongside continuous government program towards housetop establishment will fuel UK sunlight based PV glass showcase. In 2016, the legislature of UK declared to totally eliminate the current coal let go stations by 2025. The administration is principally meaning to embrace PV for age and cancel dirtying petroleum product utilization.

The global solar PV glass market is segmented on the basis of application and geography. On the basis of application, the global solar PV glass market can be segmented into non-residential, residential, and utility. On the basis of geography, the global solar PV glass market can be segmented into North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Middle East & Africa.

Some of the major companies in the global solar PV glass market are Nippon Sheet Glass Co., Ltd., Henan Huamei Cinda Industrial Co., Ltd., Taiwan Glass Ind. Corp., AGC Solar, Xinyi Solar Holdings Ltd., Guardian Glass, Sisecam Flat Glass, Borosil Glass Works Ltd., Saint-Gobain Solar, Guangfeng Solar Glass (Hong Kong) Co., Ltd., among others. 

Marine generator sets are utilized in several types of vessels such as offshore support vessels, commercial vessels, other vessel types and defense vessels. A marine generator set helps in keeping the current flowing throughout the electrical equipment on the ship or boat. For electricity generation, a generator is an electro mechanical device which converts motive power to electrical power for using it in an external circuit. Some of the key sources of mechanical energy are gas turbines, steam turbines, internal combustion engines, water turbines and hand cranks. The reverse alteration of electrical energy to mechanical energy is achieved by using an electric motor and these motors and generators have several similar characteristics. Most of the motors are mechanically driven to generate electricity and regularly make manual generators.

The growth of the global marine gensets market is anticipated to be chiefly driven by increasing number of commercial vessels coupled with rapid increase in ship building activity. The advanced ship buildings are generally dominated by container ships and bulk carriers especially in Japan and China along with South Korea dominating in gas carrier and container ships. Moreover, rising demand for high value pleasure vessels is one of the major factors contributing to the growth of the global marine gensets market. In addition, the European marine gensets market has also witnessed an emerging demand especially for hybrid generators. However, intense competition from low cost suppliers might pose a serious threat to the growth of the global marine gensets market. Furthermore, one of the key factors hampering the growth of the market is the increasing number of stringent regulations by several governmental and non governmental organizations on the emissions of marine gensets occurring globally. Asia-Pacific is anticipated to dominate the global marine gensets market mainly due to increase in ship building activities especially in South Korea, China and Japan. The aforementioned countries are heavily investing in ship building projects and the key market players are intensifying their manufacturing facilities in these countries through new licensees and manufacturing units and plants. Moreover, factors such as increase in the production of gas carrier, container ships and marine freight across the globe, increase in high value pleasure vessels, increasing demand for hybrid fuel powered marine gensets, intensifying competition from low cost vendors, and increase in the shipping of green cells are some other key factors affecting the growth of the global marine gensets market.

The global marine gensets market can be segmented on the basis of fuel, capacity, vessel type and geography. On the basis of fuel, the global marine gensets market can be segmented into diesel, gas and hybrid. On the basis of capacity, the global marine gensets market can be segmented into Up to 1,000kW, 1,001-3,000kW, 3,001-10,000kW and above 10,000kW. On the basis of vessel type, the global marine gensets market can be segmented into commercial vessels, offshore vessels, defense vessels and other vessels. On the basis of geography, the global marine gensets market can be segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Middle East & Africa and Latin America.

Some of the key players in the global marine gensets market include Wärtsilä, MAN Diesel & Turbo SE,  Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Caterpillar, Inc., Daihatsu Diesel Mfg. Co., Ltd., Rolls-Royce Power Systems AG,  Dresser Rand, Deutz Ag, Valley Power Systems, Inc. and Kohler Co. among others.

Marine engines are mechanical engines which helps in the supply of power to various types of auxiliary equipment, vessels, propulsion systems, generators and central systems to maritime undertakings and vehicles. Various types of marine engines are widely available in the market which helps in serving several distinct purposes of various marine systems and vehicles. Marine engines can be categorized depending upon different criteria such as the propulsion system type in utilization, fuel involved to power the engine, power range of the engine and other major applications. The employment of renewable sources of energy including wind and solar energy to fulfill the auxiliary requirements of power is anticipated to increase over the coming years, thus in turn bolstering the growth of the global marine engines market. Increasing demand for effective as well as operationally reliable ships is projected to lead to modernization over the foreseeable years. Moreover, increasing emphasis on rising diesel engine capacity to drive advanced and new generation tanks with huge cargo holding capacities is further anticipated to propel the growth of the global marine engines market.

Increase in the number of relaxation marine travellers, advent of advanced technology and highly consistent engines, rapid expansion of the global seaborne transport industry, increasing per capita disposable incomes and economic stability are some of the key aspects driving the growth of the global that have driven the global marine engines market in the past few years. Although, strict governmental legislations and regulations concerning harmful emissions from marine engines as well as rising awareness across consumers regarding the demand for the adoption of greener fuels as well as depleting reserves of traditional fuels are more likely to bolster the growth of the global marine engines market. The global marine engines market is anticipated to foresee large number of developments in products which conform to the stringent legislator regulations regarding the emission of gases as well as work with relatively greener fuels such as solar, LNG and wind power among others. Moreover, some of the other major factors contributing to the growth of the global market include easy availability of repair networks, spare parts, and trained professionals for repairing marine engines across the globe.

The global marine engines market can be segmented on the basis of fuel, power, application and geography. On the basis of fuel, the global marine engines market can be segmented into marine diesel oil, marine gas oil, heavy fuel oil, intermediate fuel oil and others. On the basis of power, the global marine engines market can be segmented into Up to 1,000 HP, 1,001 HP to 5,000 HP, 5,001 HP to 10,000 HP, 10,001 HP to 20,000 HP and above 20,000 HP. On the basis of application, the global marine engines market can be segmented into commercial vessels, offshore support vessels and other vessels. On the basis of geography, the global marine engines market can be segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of the World.

Some of the key players in the global marine engines market include GM Powertrain, Caterpillar, Inc., Cummins Engines, Wartsila Corporation, Yamaha, Rolls Royce, Sinopec, Volvo Penta, Shell, Idemitsu, Hydrosta BV, Hydraulic Marine Systems, Exxon Mobil Corporation and Cummins among others.

Waste to energy (WTE) is the procedure of utilizing waste to generate electricity or energy. Various technologies are being used to produce energy from waste source such as, municipal and domestic waste. Energy produced from the process can be in form of fuel, electricity, or heat.The Waste o energy management is considered as a major part of the waste disposal structure of any nation as it comes under renewable energy sources. The waste to energy market refers to electricity produced with usage of waste sources.

Fast change in consumption pattern and lifestyle of the population, along with relocation of the people to urban areas are generating urban waste accumulation, demanding for a better infrastructure for its safe disposal and reuse. Various organizations or energy-producing companies have invested into waste to energy market by organizing their facilities. Various types of waste that can be used in the waste to energy market including utilization of semi-solid waste discharged from the manufacturing plants, liquid waste like residential sewage and gaseous waste produced in refinery.

Waste to energy market can be bifurcated on the basis of technology used, as. thermal and biological. Thermal technology can be further segmented on the basis of combustion (excess oxygen), oxygen used in the process, pyrolysis (no oxygen). And gasification (partial oxygen). Biological process can be used in a procedure where anaerobic decomposition of the solid waste is required. In Asia Pacific, ignition is the most commonly used process in waste to energy market. Fire cuts the cost required in the conveyance of waste to landfills. It has been observed a significant growth in the production of municipal and industrial waste, challenging innovation in current waste to energy management technologies.

Geographically, the Waste to Energy market has been bifurcated into five regions North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America. The Waste to Energy market size and forecast period for each region has been estimated from 2017 to 2023. Additionally the CAGR (%) for the forecasted period 2017 to 2023. The study also includes market estimates for major countries/regions such as the U.S, the U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China, India, GCC, North Africa, South Africa and Brazil. The detailed analysis by technology, and regions supports in evaluating the present scenario, growth prospects and the future scenario for the Waste to Energy market over the forecast period. Thus, the report delivers in-depth segment analysis of the market and classifies it into various industries, thereby providing valuable perceptions.

The rising technological advancements is anticipated to drive the Asia Pacific market for Waste to Energy in the future years. The major companies that are involved in Waste to Energy are C&G Environmental Protection Holdings Ltd., The Babcock & Wilcox Company, China Everbright International Limited, Suez Environment S.A, Waste Management Inc., Xcel Energy, Foster Wheeler AG and Veolia Environment. 

Waste management are the actions and activities essential to manage waste from its beginning to its final disposal. This are amongst other things transport, collection, treatment and disposal of waste together with monitoring and regulation. It also includes the legal and regulatory systems that relates to waste management realted guidance on recycling. The terms normally relates to all types of waste, whether the processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, generated during the extraction of raw materials, the usage of final products, or other human activities, including agricultural, municipal (institutional, residential, commercial), and social (health care, sewage sludge, household hazardous waste) Waste management is intended to reduce adverse effects of waste on health, the environment or aesthetics.

The global waste management market has be categorized into type, industry and regions. On the basis of type the market has been segmented into solid, liquid, e-waste, plastic metals waste, and nuclear waste. Industry segment has be categorized into pharmaceutical, industrial, municipal among others

The major factors driving the Waste Management market are Industries are concentrating more on waste management market in-order to decrease costs and increase their profitability. increasing pollution is leading to rise in amount of wastes not disposed is expected to drive market growth. Growing amount of hazardous wastes released by industries from different sectors such as healthcare and pharmaceutical, growing energy needs and growth in production activities have led to sound growth in this sector, various governments are increasingly funding development of waste management systems worldwide manufacturing is expected to fuel market growth over the forecast period. Increasing recycling costs are anticipated to be the major challenges to the waste management market. Further, increasing landfill prices and fuel costs may impact the market, lack of proper waste gathering infrastructure in many regions may also be a challenge to market growth.

Geographically, the Waste Management market has been bifurcated into five regions North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America. The Waste Management market size and forecast period for each region has been estimated from 2017 to 2023. Additionally the CAGR (%) for the forecasted period 2017 to 2023. The study also includes market estimates for major countries/regions such as the U.S, the U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China, India, GCC, North Africa, South Africa and Brazil. The detailed analysis by type, industry, and regions supports in evaluating the present scenario, growth prospects and the future scenario for the Waste Management market over the forecast period. Thus, the report delivers in-depth segment analysis of the market and classifies it into various industries, thereby providing valuable perceptions.

The increasing pollution owing to rise in amount of wastes not disposed is anticipated to drive the Asia Pacific market for Waste Management in the future years. The major companies that are involved in Waste Management are GE Healthcare, Given Imaging, Inc., Cerner Corporation, Proteus Digital Health, Inc., Karl Storz GmbH & Co. KG, Fujifilm Holdings Corporation, Olympus Corporation, Medimetrics S.A. DE C.V, Pentax Medical Company, Boston Scientific Corporation, Bio-Images Research Ltd., and Capsovision, Inc.  

The process that includes capturing of heat exhausted by an existing industrial process is referred to as waste heat recovery. This waste heat is used for other heating applications that include generation of power and other applications in various industries. There are several ways of recuperating waste heat from industries. It has been assessed that around 20%-50% of industrial energy use is ultimately released as waste heat. The different sources of waste heat include hot combustion gases discharge into the atmosphere and transfer of heat from hot equipment exteriors. The waste heat recovery unit is usually a heat exchanger where the heat is recuperated from hot streams with high energy content. The following are the widely used waste heat recovery equipment such as HRSGs, industrial heating boilers, and turbines.

The global waste heat recovery in oil and gas market can be classified based on product type, application, end-user and region. On the basis of product type, the global market is classified into power generation and heating applications. Depending upon application, the global waste heat recovery in oil and gas market is segmented into steam & electricity generation, preheating, and others. According to the end-user, the global market is divided into chemical, cement, paper & pulp, metal production, and petroleum refining.

The global waste heat recovery in oil and gas market is expected to garner maximum revenue in the forecast period. Factors such as rise in unconventional oil and gas resources such as tight oil, CBM, shale oil, and shale gas that is in turn fuelled by the decline in the production and exploration of conventional oil reserves is propelling the growth of this market segment. However, stringent environment norms and technical challenges are expected to restrain the market growth to some extent.

Based on regions, the global waste heat recovery in oil and gas market is divided into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific (APAC), Middle East & Africa (MEA), and Latin America. The North American region is anticipated to command the maximum market share and would lead the global waste heat recovery in oil and gas market during the forecast period. The Asia-Pacific region is expected to witness the swiftest growth in the global waste heat recovery in oil and gas market.

The major companies that provide waste heat recovery in oil and gas include Alstom, Amec Foster Wheeler, Dongfang Electric, Harbin Electric, MHPS, Bono Energia, China Energy Recovery, Forbes Marshall, and Ormat Technologies.

A floating, production, storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel are a kind of floating production unit utilized for offshore production, storage and offloading of oil and gas. Normally, a FPSO vessel is a transformed oil tanker, or a newly constructed FPSO unit. A FPSO is generally alike in appearance to a ship, prepared with processing and production facilities onboard. Additionally, FPSOs consist of offloading amenities for the purpose of carrying processed oil and gas to onshore receiving facilities through a shuttle tanker.

Continous expansion in oil & gas exploration and production in deep water, ultra-deepwater and offshore fields is expected to fuel the FPSO market growth in the near future. Rising oil & gas consumption globally, particularly in transportation and power generation sectors has been forcing players to discover more hydrocarbon reserves. Growing onshore reserves led oil & gas processes to explore in ultra-deepwater, deep water, and shallow offshore fields. Developing necessity for integrated compact systems in deep and ultra-deepwater offshore reserves to counter dangerous conditions is expected to lead FPSO market growth in the forecast period. The market is further anticipated to increase share in ultra-deep offshore regions due to cost-effective and well-organized production process with high yield potential. High installation cost for oil & gas transportation and production facilities in ultra-deep and deep sea is projected to further stimulate FPSO demand.

The major dynamics affecting the development of the market such as the key drivers, restraints, trends, and development changes in the market have also been added under this report. The development of the global FPSO market in different regions and the prime regions leading in this market have also been summarized under this study. The technological advancements taking place in the market and their impact on the advancement of the global FPSO market have also been presented under this study.

FPSO market can be bifurcated on the basis of type, as.converted FPSO, new-build FPSO and redeployed FPSO. Based on water depth the market has been categorized into shallow water, deepwater, and ultra-deepwater. Geographically, the FPSO market has been bifurcated into five regions North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America. The FPSO market size and forecast period for each region has been estimated from 2017 to 2023. Additionally the CAGR (%) for the forecasted period 2017 to 2023. The study also includes market estimates for major countries/regions such as the U.S, the U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China, India, GCC, North Africa, South Africa and Brazil. The detailed analysis by Usage, component, type, water depth and regions supports in evaluating the present scenario, growth prospects and the future scenario for the FPSO market over the forecast period. Thus, the report delivers in-depth segment analysis of the market and classifies it into various industries, thereby providing valuable perceptions.

The oil and gas exploration companies are concentrating on exploration of oil and gas, from onshore to offshore to drive the Middle East and Africa market for FPSO in the future years. The major companies that are involved in FPSO are SBM Offshore N.V., MODEC, Inc., Bluewater Energy Services B.V., BW Offshore, Aker Solutions ASA, Hyundai Industries Co., Ltd., Bumi Armada Berhad, Teekay Corporation, Yinson Holdings Berhad and Samsung Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.

Energy harvesting is a material that exhibits better functional performance and capabilities than ordinary concrete. It is considered a maintainable construction material as it consumes less natural resources and less energy and emits a smaller amount carbon dioxide. Moreover, the use of energy harvesting reduces water consumption by 20%. The energy harvesting market is in its emerging stage and is currently limited to developed countries. However, awareness about the technology would boost its adoption in developing countries as well. Major factors driving the global energy harvesting and concrete market are plenty of raw materials and rising adoption of the green building concept.

During the past ten years, there has been a rising demand for safe, enduring and power efficient systems that require minimum or zero maintenance. This factor serves as a primary factor driving the energy harvesting market, and is analyzed to continue pushing the demand for energy harvesting technology based devices. Furthermore, growing applications of the energy harvesting technology in home and building automation is another key factor propelling the energy harvesting market. In addition, the industrial WSN demand energy harvesting on a large scale and this trend is analyzed to continue during the forecast period. Lastly, the abundance of renewable energy sources such as wind, tidal, and ocean energy provide a dependable platform for innovation within energy harvesting applications, threby proving to be an influential factor boosting the global energy harvesting market.

The energy harvesting market is segmented by technology, implementations, receiver applications, transmitter applications, and geography. On the basis of technology, the global energy harvesting market is segmented into far-field technology and near-field technology. By implementation, the energy harvesting market is segmented into integrated and aftermarket. Furthermore, the energy harvesting market is segmented by reciever application into smartphones, tablets, notebooks, wearable electronics, electrical vehicle charging, industrial, and other consumer electronics.

European region accounted for the biggest regional energy harvesting market due to a strong presence of environmental regulatory bodies. Favorable governmental support is further expected to bolster the European energy harvesting market during the forecast period. Asia Pacific and North America are analyzed to witness significant growth during the forecast period. Various regulatory norms across the globe are expected to boost the global energy harvesting market. In addition, significant research and development (R&D) investments by the Dept. of Energy (DOE), U.S. government, and European associations is further analyzed to boast a positive influence on the worldwide energy harvesting market.

The energy harvesting market is segmented by transmitter application into automotive, standalone chargers, furniture, electric vehicle charging, and industrial. Lastly, on the basis of geography, the global energy harvesting market can be segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. Some of the companies in the energy harvesting market are Integrated Device Technology, Inc., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Qualcomm Inc., Salcomp PLC, TDK Corporation, Texas Instruments, Inc., Nucurrent, Inc., Powermat Technology, Ltd., Witricity Corporation, and Powerbyproxi, Ltd. among others.

The digital technology that permits for two-way communication among the utility and its customers, and the detecting along the transmission lines is what makes the grid smart. Similar to the Internet, the Smart Grid contains controls, automation, computers, and new technologies and equipment working collectively, but in this case, these technologies will work with the electrical grid to respond digitally to our rapidly changing electric request. Switch of the production and distribution of electricity and electronic power conditioning and are important factors of the smart grid.

The smart grid software segment is anticipated to have the highest development rate during the forecast period. Smart grid communication allows hardware and software to work collectively to form a web network, enabling a utility grid with smart features such as distribution automation, substation automation, energy management, self-healing, real-time control, and increased reliability & security. This would benefit operators in decision-making and better scheduling of utility distribution and storage.

Sensors for smart grid is anticipated to gain the maximum traction in the smart grid market during the forecast period. Sensor is the essential hardware component that delivers real-time data of the electric grid installed in electric grids. Sensors progress utility performance and operation. They help in effective power management at the transmission, and consumption levels and play a vital role in the integration of power from various resources. A rise in number of smart grid projects in North America, Europe, and Asia would extremely increase the demand of the sensors.

Geographically the market has been segmented into North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America. Amongst these North America is anticipated to hold the largest market share in the forecast period. The major driving factors are, advantageous government policies and mandates in North America help in operating the smart grid market. In addition, the regional government in the US are encouraging smart grid solutions and AMI meters. The key challenges faced in this market are, revenue loss occurred due to energy loss, the challenge of insufficient data management, and lack of motivation by electric utilities to improve the grid infrastructure. The major factor that is restricting the development of the smart grid market is the high initial costs for the positioning of technology solutions and lack of standardization and uniformity.

The Asia Pacific regional market is expected to gain a significant growth over the future period. The rising awareness among customers about the benefits of the smart Grid is anticipated to drive the APAC market for smart grid in the future years. The key companies that provide smart grid include ABB Ltd., Wipro Limited, Cisco Systems, Inc., Siemens AG, General Electric Company, Schneider Electric Sa, Itron, Inc., Oracle Corporation, International Business Machines Corporation, Landis+GYR and Open Systems International, Inc.

Lithium-ion battery is a kind of rechargeable battery in which lithium ions transfer from the negative electrode towards the positive electrode during discharge and returns back while charging. Li-ion batteries are used in intercalated lithium compound, one electrode material when compared to the metallic lithium utilized in a non-rechargeable lithium battery. The electrolyte, which permits for ionic movement, and the two electrodes are the constituent components of a lithium-ion battery cell. Lithium-ion batteries are common in-home electronics. They are the most popular categories of rechargeable batteries for portable electronics, with a high energy density, tiny memory effect and low self-discharge. Lithium-ion batteries are growing popularly for military, battery electric vehicle and aerospace applications. For example, lithium-ion batteries are becoming a mojor replacement of the lead–acid batteries that have been used for utility vehicles and golf carts. As an alternative of acid electrolyte and Heavy lead plates the upcoming trend is to use light weight lithium-ion battery packs that can provide the same voltage as lead-acid batteries, so no modification to the vehicle's drive system is essential.

Global lithium ion battery market is bifurcated into type, power capacity, vertical and geography. Based on type, the market is bifurcated into lithium nickel manganese cobalt, lithium iron phosphate, lithium cobalt oxide, lithium titanate oxide, lithium manganese oxide, lithium nickel and cobalt aluminum oxides. On the basis of power type the market has been bifurcated into o to 3,000 mAh, 3,000 mAh to 10,000 mAh, 10,000 mAh to 60,000 mAh and more than 60,000 mAh. Lithium ion batteries on the basis of vertical the market has been categorized into aerospace and defence, consumer electronics, automotive, marine, power, medical and industrial.

Geographically, the lithium ion battery market has been bifrucated into five regions North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America. The lithium ion battery market size and forecast period for each region has been estmated from 2017 to 2023. Additionally the CAGR (%) for the forecasted period 2017 to 2023. The study also includes market estimates for major countries/regions such as the U.S, the U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China and India. The detailed analysis by type, power type, vertical and regions supports in evaluating the present scenario, growth prospects and the future scenario for the lithium ion battery market over the forecast period. Thus, the report provides in-depth segment analysis of the market and classifies it into various industries, thereby providing valuable perceptions at the macro as well as micro levels.

The technological progression in the Lithium ion battery is anticipated to drive the APAC market for Lithium ion battery in the future years. The major companies that provide Lithium ion battery include GS Yuasa Corporation, BAK Group, BYD Company Ltd., , Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Panasonic Corporation, LG Chem, Ltd,  Hitachi Ltd., Jhonson Controls Inc., Saft Groupe SA, Toshiba Corporation, A123 Systems, LLC, abd Valence Technology, Inc. 

The global oil storage market was estimated as 1.4 Billion cubic meters in 2016 and is expected to reach 1.8 Billion cubic meters by 2025, growing steadily with a CAGR of over 3.18% during the forecast period. Decrease in crude oil prices, increasing need for oil refining hubs, unpredictable variations in global rates of natural gases and crude oil are the factors encouraging the merchants to own fuel storage facilities and fueling the growth of oil storage market across the globe.

Decrease in the prices of crude oil is motivating several merchants to own high quality of petroleum fuel and stock them at storage facilities, so they can sell it at higher costs, when crude oil rates fluctuate or there is shortage of oil. Moreover, stockpiling large volumes of oil have facilitated the government of the developing nations, to protect their citizens and country from price hike and out of stock incidents. These are the major factors fueling the growth of oil storage market across the globe.

Oil storage facilities utilize tanks or terminals to store produced oil placed above or below ground surface. Oil storage is a means of collecting products before being distributed to refineries and retailers. Oil processing is divided into three streams, upstream, midstream and downstream. Oil is initially extracted in the upstream process, where the exploration and production are conducted. The midstream sector involves the transportation, storage and wholesale marketing of petroleum products following the upstream extraction process, whereas, downstream operations might also use storage tanks to collect oil for further processing and marketing.

Oil storage tanks differ in capacity and design, as earlier storage tanks were built of metal and wood mounts that formed large barrels. As technology advanced, storage tanks increased in size and capacity to store oil safely. The designs are specifically preferred to handle high pressure conditions of the liquid stored, to manage ventilation and prevent leakage and corrosion. Increase in adoption of alternative fuels for cleaner and greener transportation. Use of Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) to power marine containers and increase in LNG driven projects are the current trends in the global oil storage market.

The global oil storage market is bifurcated based on storage type, product type, reserve type and region. Based on the storage type, the market is segmented as open top tanks, fixed roof tanks, floating roof tanks and other storage facilities. Fixed roof tanks segment accounted for the largest market share in 2016, whereas floating roof tanks segment is expected to account for the highest growth during the forecast period. This is owing to the increasing demand for the storage of large quantities of petroleum products. The storage tanks would be preferred over other alternatives, due to its ability to effectively minimize the unstable organic compound emissions and product losses.

Further bifurcation of the market is based on the product type, which includes crude oil, gasoline, aviation fuel and middle distillates. Crude oil storage market is projected to grow at the fastest rate over the forecast period. Rising infrastructure and industry projects, which are an integral part of the investment cycle, have increased the demand for crude oil. Renovation and development of oil refining facilities will further favor the business scenario.

The global oil storage market is segmented based on reserve type as strategic petroleum reserve and commercial petroleum reserve. Strategic petroleum reserves have dominated the market during 2017 and are anticipated to continue controlling the market over the forecast period. These reserves store crude supplies delivered by public and private companies for maintaining national security and protecting economy during energy crisis.

Middle East and Africa has the largest market share, whereas Asia Pacific is predicted to grow at the fastest pace during the forecast period.

Middle East and African regions are projected to have the largest market share in the oil storage market across the globe. This is due to the fact that countries such as Qatar, Oman, Nigeria, UAE, Iran and Saudi Arabia have large scale of world's proven oil reserves and ranked as the largest producer and exporter of oil in the world.

Asia Pacific region is also expected to grow at the fastest pace across the globe during the forecast period. China and India’s oil storage market are growing significantly on account of increasing capital investment towards the development of storage capacity from foreign and domestic companies. Moreover, the Government of China, in 2016, had announced to build supplementary 441 million barrels of strategic petroleum reserves by 2020. Growing focus towards the expansion of refinery facilities in the country is expected to further expand the market.

Prominent players involved in the development of oil storage, includes Synder, ZCL Composites, L.F. Manufacturing, Vopak, Superior Tank Company, Tianjin Anson International Company (TICO), CST Industries, Synalloy (Palmer), Elixir, Roth Industries, Ergil, Waterford Tank & Fabrication, Sri Ranga Industries and Hydrotherm Engineering Services., among all the other players. ERGIL, in April, 2017 directed a comprehensive engineering, design, material supply, and fabrication of StorageTech tank products to Iraq’s largest oil field, named as Zubair for a renowned general contracting company in Iraq. Other players are similarly involved in research & development, acquisitions, expansions and collaboration for their strategic growth.

The global Offshore Wind market was valued at USD 22.85 Billion in 2015, and is projected to reach USD 72.18 billion by 2025, growing at a CAGR of over 12% over the forecast period. The continuous growth is attributed to the growing demand for clean energy for protecting the environment and decrease the carbon emissions by generating power from renewable resources. Offshore wind energy forms an integral part of clean energy resources and possess higher capacity factor in comparison to onshore wind.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is intended to deliver offshore financiers, wind policymakers, developers, regulators, researchers, engineers, and supply chain participants. The laboratory offers quantitative information about the offshore wind market, cost trends and various technology offered in the United States and worldwide. According to Offshore Wind Technologies Market Report by NREL, Europe dominates the market with 90% of global installed capacity at the end of 2016. North America is expected to witness significant growth for commissioning of first offshore wind project, the 30-MW BIWF. Furthermore, Asia Pacific region has also witnessed an offshore deployment in 2015 and 2016.

Various emerging nations have unwrapped surplus opportunities for the global offshore wind turbines market, since the pressure for lowering carbon emissions is mounting each day. A combination of increasing plant size, infrastructure technology improvements, and related R&D investments, coupled with favorable market, policies, and economic conditions has led to a key trend in power generation for offshore wind. Offshore wind technology has become more cost-effective with each competitive tender in Europe. Industry-leading countries such as the UK, the Netherlands, Germany, Denmark, and Belgium are into a transition phase to market-oriented policies.

Offshore wind is an abundant clean energy solution for many coastal load centers with large population and higher energy demand. Cost reduction strategies and technological improvements are being exported globally with the deployment of offshore wind market. Offshore wind technology includes inshore water areas as well including creeks, lakes, and sheltered coastal areas, utilizing conventional fixed bottom turbine technologies and deep water areas utilize floating turbines.

Shifting preference of consumers, growing demand for conventional sources of energy and rise in demand for electricity consumption are major drivers of the global offshore wind market. However, less investments and high initial costs tends to hinder the growth over the forecast period. Although, increasing R&D activities in cheaper products has anticipated paving new opportunities for offshore wind market.

Based on component segment, the report includes the revenue, growth rate, and market share, of each type,

  • Turbine
  • Substructure
  • Electrical Infrastructure

The turbine component is estimated to be the largest segment for the offshore wind market

The turbines segment has been expected to acquire the major share of the total offshore wind project. It is the most important component of an offshore wind farm. Companies are upgrading and increasing the turbine size owing to advanced technologies and to increase energy efficiency. Moreover, larger the wind turbine, the more energy is produced each time as the turbines rotate. Therefore, turbine manufacturers are continuously upgrading and expanding their product portfolio for contributing to the ever increasing demand for high capacity wind turbines.

On the basis of capacity, the market has been segmented further, and displays growth rate and market share over the forecast period;

  • Upto 1 MW
  • 1-3 MW
  • 3-5 MW
  • 5 MW and Above

Based on location, the market has been bifurcated into:

  • Shallow Water
  • Transitional Water
  • Deep Water

Shallow water segment has been anticipated to be the largest offshore wind market by location

Among the three water depth location for offshore wind turbines market, shallow water is anticipated to hold the largest share over the forecast period. The development of shallow water is cost effective owing to better weather conditions, however, installing wind turbines in deep water becomes expensive due to high maintenance cost. Although, offshore wind turbines are getting installed in all three water locations depending on the region, turbine capacity, and wind speed. Shallow water condition mostly prevails in the European countries owing to favorable weather conditions.

Globally, the market has been segregated into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, the Middle East and Africa and Latin America, market share¸ with revenue (Billion USD), and growth rate for the regions, from 2015 to 2025 (forecast)

  • North America: U.S., and Rest of North America
  • Europe: France, Germany, UK, and rest of Europe
  • Asia Pacific: China, India Japan, and Rest of Asia Pacific
  • Middle East & Africa: South Africa, North Africa, GCC, and Rest of MEA
  • Latin America: Brazil and Rest of Latin America

Europe region is predicted to grow substantially over the forecast period

Europe and Asia Pacific region are anticipated to deliver significant growth potential for the offshore wind turbines market throughout the forecast period. Europe region has been anticipated to dominate the global offshore wind turbines market, with vast expansion in offshore wind power generation. Wind is one of the leading sources of the renewable energy mix in the region. Offshore wind energy is gaining market share at a rapid pace in the renewable energy mix, since the advantages it possesses over onshore wind energy.

Various nations across the globe have established electricity generation targets from green energy sources. Emerging economies such as India are now focusing on green energy for power generation. India has set targets of electricity generations by wind energy and solar energy. Exploration of offshore sites is being carried out in order to enhance profitability of power generation from wind energy. Unlike onshore sites, offshore sites generally have uninterrupted winds throughout the year.

Some of the prominent players operating in the global offshore wind turbines market are Enercon GmbH, Xinjiang Goldwind Science & Technologies Co. Ltd, Gamesa Corporacion Technologica S.A., Siemens Wind Power, Guodian United Power Technology Company Ltd, Vestas Wind Systems A/S, Nordex S.E., Upwind Solutions Inc., Suzlon Group, and GE Wind Energy.

The global concentrated solar power market was estimated as USD 4.5 Billion in 2016 and is expected to reach USD 11.2 Billion by 2025, growing significantly with a CAGR of over 10% during the forecast period. Growing concerns towards depletion of fossil fuels, stringent government rules and guidelines to control the increasing carbon footprint and the ability of concentrated solar power systems to supply dispatchable power is predicted to drive the growth of the market.

Concentrated solar power systems utilizes mirrors to concentrate a large area of sunlight on a small area for generating solar power. When the concentrated light is converted to heat; the heat is then channeled through a conventional generator and electricity is generated. The plants consist of two major parts, one part collects solar energy and converts it to heat and another one converts heat energy to electricity.

Concentrating solar power systems can be used for grid-connected applications of up to 100 MW. It is considered as an attractive renewable energy option in the sunbelt regions across the globe, as the amount of power generated by a concentrating solar power plant depends on the amount of direct sunlight collected by the collector panels. With many other options available, such as photovoltaic cells, concentrated solar power system is the cheapest form of solar at utility-scale which is about ten times cheaper than photovoltaic combined with battery for storage.

The global concentrated solar power market is bifurcated based on the technology, component, end-user and region. Based on the technology, the market is segmented as parabolic trough, solar tower, linear fresnel and dish/engine systems. The parabolic trough segment is expected to dominate the concentrating solar power market during the forecast period, owing to the large-scale penetration of the design and ease in installation and usage. Parabolic trough systems consist of parabolic trough-shaped reflectors which follows the sun during the daylight hours by tracking along the axis. Currently, all parabolic trough plants are hybrids, i.e. they use fossil fuel to supplement the solar output during periods of low solar radiation.

Based on the components, the market is segmented as, solar field, power block and thermal energy storage system. Solar field block includes the reflector surfaces and pipes that collect sunlight. The power block consists of heating system and pipe through which the fluid is passed, whereas the energy storage system stores the generated energy for the future application. The solar field segment is projected to be the largest market; due to the major presence of large number of complex and costly subcomponents included within the segment. The global concentrated solar power market, based on end users are bifurcated as, residential, commercial & utilities and industrial. The commercial & utilities segment is anticipated to account to the largest market share, owing to the favorable government regulations towards increasing the adoption of renewable sources of energy and rising number of medium to large scale projects, which are under advancement and in pipeline globally

Geographically, the concentrated solar power market is bifurcated into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa and Latin America. North America region is anticipated to dominate the market, in terms of revenue. However, Asia Pacific region is expected to be the fastest growing market, owing to the rising demands of electricity supply due to increasing population during the forecast period. Moreover, Middle East and African region is also anticipated to grow substantially, owing to governments’ intervention in solar powered projects.

Major players in the global concentrated solar power market includes, Brightsource Energy, Areva, eSolar, Acciona, Solar Millennium, Abengoa, Solar Reserve, Siemens, GE, Aalborg CSP and ACWA Power, among all the others. GE Renewable Energy in February 2017 announced to offer equipment for the first commercial integrated solar-wind hybrid power generation project in the industry. It is the 4.6MW community based project in Red Lake Falls, Minnesota, developed by Juhl Energy which uses two 2.3-116 wind turbines from GE Renewable Energy’s portfolio. Other players are similarly involved in innovations for their strategic growth.

Waste to energy (WTE) is the waste treatment process of producing electrical or thermal energy from primary treatment of wastes. Incineration, gasification, pyrolysis, fermentation, mechanical biological treatments (MBT) are few methods implemented to produce the energy. Landfill space in cities is at a premium and is surrounded by major population, henceforth by burning wastes, volume and weight reduced, resulting in production of electrical and thermal energy. Combustion reduces the volume of wastes by 90 % and weight by 75 %. The heat generated by burning the waste material can be used directly for heating, steam production or electricity generation.

WTE technologies can be applied to several category of wastes varying from liquid (e.g. domestic sewage) to semi-solid (e.g. thickened sludge from effluent treatment plants) and gaseous (e.g. refinery gases) waste. Moreover, the most known waste technologies application is processing the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) used for incineration in a combined heat and power (CHP) plant.

Increasing waste generation, growing concerns of environmental issues, high energy costs, and restricted landfilling capacities are few drivers anticipated to spur the market over the forecast period. WTE technology has been projected to resolve such concerns by reducing the waste volume and reducing th greenhouse gas emissions. Increasing population rates, rapid growing urbanization and economic growth are significantly changing the landscape of domestic solid waste, waste composition and treatment technologies in terms of power generation. According to World Bank report, the global MSW generation is around 1.3 billion tons per year on an average of 1.2 kg/capita/day, increasing the global demand.

Diminishing fossil fuel accompanied by the fluctuating crude oil prices is expected to spur the need for petroleum substitutes for power generation. Additionally, rigorous R&D activities towards technological advancement to use MSW for power generation by substituting fossil fuel is enduring, which in turn is estimated to pave massive technical feasibility and environmental benefits to catalyze the waste to energy market growth over the forecast period. Furthermore, technological advancements, legislative, social, and policy shifts, primarily by European governments, coupled with high initial cost involvement have substantially affected the technology growth.

As per World Energy Council, Biological WTE technologies has been estimated to experience faster growth of around 9.7% per annum, since few novel technologies such as anaerobic digestion are becoming commercially viable and have penetrated the market globally. Furthermore, rising demand to increase renewable energy production and reduction of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions, along with raising environmental consciousness, has been predicted to have a positive impact on WTE technology development.

The global WTE technology market has been segmented on the basis of technology, and power generation. Based on technology, the market has been segmented as biological and thermal. Thermal technology segment has been further segregated as incineration, pyrolysis, and gasification. Biological technology segment has been further classified as Mechanical biological treatment (MBT), Fermentation, and Anaerobic digestion. Based on power generation, the market has been bifurcated as electrical generation and thermal generation.

The thermal segment has been anticipated to account for major share of WTE technology industry owing to wide application in power generation through various waste such as Municipal solid waste (MSW), and Synthesis gas (syngas). Thermal technology is considered comparatively simple process coupled with ease of operations. Incineration thermal technology is predicted to have a significant share over the forecast period. Health related issues pertaining to flue gasses emission via thermal WTE technology have been a major challenge for the industry. Biological technologies are estimated to witness significant growth owing to the potential of WTE technologies such as Anaerobic digestion, and fermentation, particularly in developing markets over the forecast period.

Europe WTE market has been estimated to lead the global industry owing to the stringent regulations for minimizing the industrial waste. Germany, The Netherlands and Austria have adopted WTE technologies to utilize industrial waste. Furthermore, Asia Pacific region has been projected to gain largest market share after Europe over the forecast period. China and India sustains huge potential owing to escalating industrial and residential wastes. Increasing industrialization coupled with growing awareness for renewable energy generation is projected to spur the regional growth.

Prominent players operating in WTE technology market includes Abu Dhabi National Energy Company PJSC, Foster Wheeler A.G., Covanta Energy Corp., Babcock & Wilcox Enterprises, Inc., Constructions Industrielles de la Mediterranee., and Xcel Energy Inc.

Smart mining refers to maximization of computational technological application, instruments of measurement, communication, remote operation, serving the tasks of entire value chain from the deposit to the shipment. The homogenization of industrial automation in mining operational field increases and improves operational efficiency, cost control, product quality, safety and environment, and predictive maintenance.

Smart mining is also known as telerobotic mining, comprises of remote-controlled robotic machinery for decreasing risks involved for miners and improving mineral extraction. Smart mining has been expected to operate in an integrated way through the construction and proper use of phenomenological and economic models optimizing the entire operation in globally. The technology is widely used in steel mining, coal mining, non-metal mining, and gold mining.

Smart mining offers vertically and horizontally integrated dynamic planning, proactive and predictive approaches, and fully automated operations & predictive maintenance, transforming mining into mainstream business. Smart mining solution operates on ‘platform’ approach comprises of the architectural and digital components in mining businesses. The solution works on high latency and criticality of data, including safety and financial considerations with the help of cloud data for mining production.

Reduced direct cost from assets and operations, enabled competitive edge with real time decision making are the major trends paving opportunities for the market expansion. Moreover, facilitating faster response with mobility, and minimizing waste using Lean principles are other key factors spurring the growth over the forecast period. Furthermore, rapid technological advancement is expected to influence mining operations owing to IoT adoption in mining equipment and vehicles. Miners are employing advanced tools for predictive maintenance, and for increasing operational efficiency and reduced downtime. IoT implementation in for operational efficiency, reduce downtime, scheduling & predicting maintenance is projected to play a key role in global adoption.

Additionally, Investment in simulation technology, growing use of 3d imaging, and implementation of remote monitoring systems are also few other factors anticipated to augment the demand for smart mining market over the forecast period. However, strict government regulations regarding air, water, & environment coupled with poor infrastructure may hinder the market growth.

The global smart mining market is segmented on the basis of automated equipment, software solutions, hardware component, services, and geography. Based on automated equipment, the market has been segregated as excavators, drillers and breakers load haul dump, and robotic truck. Hardware component segment comprises of sensors, RFID tags, and intelligent systems. The automated excavators segment has been expected to hold the largest share. Intelligent electronic systems for smart mining have been anticipated to acquire the major share of the smart mining market.

On the basis of software solution, global smart mining market has been bifurcated as logistics software, data and operation management software, safety and security systems, connectivity solutions, analytics solutions, remote management solutions and asset management solutions. Services segment has been further segmented as support and maintenance, system integration and implementation services, product training services, and consulting services.

Asia Pacific region has been predicted to dominate the major share of the global smart mining market followed by Europe and North America. Growing investments in smart mining technologies and rapid adoption are boosting the industry growth in the region. On the other hand, technological complexity and skilled personnel requirement for system maintenance may hamper the regional growth.

Prominent players operating in the smart mining have adopted several growth strategies to sustain the market competition. Key players operating in the global smart mining market includes SAP SE, Trimble Navigation Limited, Rockwell Automation, Inc.,  HEXAGON, STONE THREE MINING PTY LTD, Alastri, IntelliSense.io, ABB Ltd., SYMBOTICWARE Inc., Atlas Copco, Caterpillar Inc., Cisco Systems, Inc., Joy Global Inc., Komatsu Ltd., Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.,  Sandvik AB, and Alcatel-Lucent.

The development of new renewable energy sources is increasing, leading to reduction in the carbon emissions. Wave and tidal energy is one of such alternative sources of renewable energy satisfying the increasing energy demand. Tides and waves are two different natural occurrences of water, their ability to generate energy differs with regards to power, generation and reliability. Reducing dependency on non-renewable energy sources and advancing technologies for energy generation are explored having minimal effect on environments. The aim of development of wave and tidal energy is to reduce the carbon footprint in emerging countries and increasing government initiatives and funds is also expected to drive the market. Main factors fuelling the market growth includes the decrease of conventional power resources such as oil, coal and natural resources and rising concern regarding highly polluting nature of energy generation techniques that involve fossil fuels.

The key opportunities for wave and tidal energy market include reduced carbon, secure electricity supply using renewable and green sources, which would result in large amount of energy creation and regional & economic development. Furthermore, increasing investments, and supportive government regulations are also expected to fuel the market growth. Growing funding from private and public sectors majorly for increasing employment generation, energy securities, economic positioning and also addressing changing climatic conditions. Key restraints, hindering the market growth are high cost of plant installation, high investment in R&D and the tidal time. The increased focus of developing countries is on power generation techniques based on eco-friendly and sustainable energy sources such as solar system, wave and tidal energy, which are appropriate non-renewable source solutions.

The global wave and tidal market is segmented on the basis of type, technology, end user and region. On the basis of type, the market is segmented as wave energy and tidal energy. The wave energy is created due to transportation of surface of ocean wave, while the tidal energy is created by universal gravitational effect of heavenly bodies such as sun and the moon on the earth. Based on the technology, the market is divided as tidal stream generator, pendulor device, oscillating water columns, barrage and others. The tidal stream generator is referred to as tidal energy converter, which is a machine that extracts energy from moving masses of water whereas pendulor device is used for running an electric generator, while oscillating water column uses a large amount of water moving in a cylinder as a piston. A big barrage is a kind of low-head rectified dam made of large gates that can be opened or closed, which control the amount of water passing through. Based on the end users, the market is segmented as residential, commercial and industrial. Industries have been involved in development of wave and tidal energy, since new design as well as manufacturing process are helping to satisfy the rising demand for clean energy Commercial as well as residential end- users mainly include the electricity generation and other operations of electric appliances

Geographically, wave and tidal market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Latin America and Middle East and Africa. Asia pacific region is one of the fastest growing markets for wave and tidal energy, owing to the increasing population in the countries such as China and India. Moreover, the market is gaining traction in the region due to growing economy and rising demand for clean energy. According to tidal energy estimates projected by the National Institute of Oceanography (NIO) and IIT-Madras, in India the highest levels of tidal energy were measured at Sunderbans in West Bengal, as well as at the Gulf of Khambat and the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat. Adding these six sites together, the tidal energy potential generated measures to 12.5GW during 2015.The prominent players in the wave and tidal energy market are Ocean Renewable Power Company LLC, Murine Current Turbines Ltd, Atlantis Resources Ltd, AquaGen Technologies, Biopower System, Kepler Energy Ltd, Maco Tidal Turbines Nova Innovation Ltd, Carnegie Wave Energy Ltd, and Tenax Energy. Other players in the market are involved into partnership with companies, merger and acquisition in an attempt to widen their technologies and advancements through research and development.

Rainwater harvesting is a technique used for collecting and storing rain water and the method is cost efficient as well as energy and water saving practice. The water is collected from rooftops; and is stored in a tank or barrel which is further utilized for irrigation or other agricultural purposes. Sometimes, the water is also collected in a large ground hole or reservoir, which lets the water seep in the ground, increasing the ground water level. Decrease in ground water level and scarcity of water for agricultural purposes are factors driving the adoption of rainwater harvesting market.

The global rainwater harvesting market is bifurcated into harvesting methods, types, end-users and region. Based on the harvesting methods, the market is segmented as roof based and land based water harvesting. The roof based segment is indulged in the collection of rainwater from roof surfaces of houses, buildings, etc. The land based water harvesting method lets the water to be stored in reservoirs, ground holes, ponds and underground tanks.

The major factors driving the rainwater harvesting techniques includes decrease in ground water levels. From past few years, the level of ground water has decreased and it is expected to drop considerably over the period. This has generated the necessity of employing few techniques to fulfill the increasing water needs for agriculture and irrigation as well as other purposes. Rainwater harvesting technique allows the user to charge the ground water levels, and utilize it when required.

The market is further segmented into the type of rainwater harvesting systems which includes direct pumped, indirect pumped and indirect gravity type. Direct pumped method consists of a pump located within the underground tank and harvested water is simply pumped directly to the WCs or other appliances whereas, the indirect pumped system uses a booster pump set to offer a pressurized supply. In the indirect gravity system, the harvested water is first pumped to higher level tank called header tank, than other outlets are supplied by gravity alone. This arrangement, allows the pump to be used only when the header tank needs to be filled. Rainwater is filtered before use, and is preferably used for non-potable purposes. 

Further, the global rainwater harvesting market from end-user’s perspective is classified as residential, commercial, industrial and agriculture. Use of rainwater harvesting is significantly growing in commercial applications, while the water is already utilized for residential as well as agricultural purposes since several years.

Geographically, the rainwater harvesting market has been bifurcated into five regions North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America. It also includes major countries/regions such as the U.S, the U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China, India, GCC, North Africa, South Africa and Brazil.

The major companies that provide rainwater harvesting systems include Kinspan Group, Watts Water Technologies, Inc., Graf Group, WISY AG, Innovative Water Solutions LLC, D&D Ecotech Services, Rain Harvesting Supplies, Inc., Water Field Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Stormsaver, Climate Inc., Water Harvesters, Heritage Tanks, HarvestRain, and The Gulf Islands Rainwater Connection Ltd. These companies are highly focused on research and development and offering innovative products, using least resources.   

The Energy efficient lighting technology helps in reducing the electricity demand and is referred as the cost effective method since the technology has controlled the costs. The technology also plays a major role in improving energy independence and in reducing the environmental impacts.

Energy efficient lighting refers to the application of more illumination from less power lights or by eliminating the high power lights which include high discharge lamps, incandescent lamps. The lighting can also be applied with the several control technologies such as SCADA, GSM or GPRS based controls for more efficient results.

The players in the market are focusing on energy efficient lighting technology to develop more affordable yet sophisticated and reliable lighting products for serving the various requirements of the customers. Light Emitting Diode (LED) and Compact Fluorescent Lights (CFL) bulbs are considered as the energy efficient lighting in the market as they consume around 75% lesser energy.

Increasing green building initiatives coupled with government initiatives for adoption of energy efficient solutions in several countries are considered as the major factors anticipating the market. Furthermore, growing awareness among the consumer related to energy efficient products and devices is also projected to fuel the market growth.

Increasing implementation in various residential, enterprises and commercial buildings along with the deployment of the smart cities and smart building using the energy efficient lighting solutions are few other factors enhancing the industry growth. Owing to their significantly longer life and self-ballasting ability, CFLs are replacing the incandescent lamps enhancing the market demand for CFLs.

Although, the CFLs contain chemical elements and gases such as Xenon, Mercury which are toxic in nature and environmental concerns related to the exposure of the gases has hampered the industry growth to a certain extent. However, the enduring technology advancements towards the product development and offering is projected to generate more potential opportunities for the industry participants over the forecast period.

Based on the products, the energy efficient lighting technology can be segmented into light emitting diode (LED), incandescent lamps, arc lamps and gas discharge lamps. The LEDs are expected to hold the major market share over the forecast period owing to their elevated popularity occurring from availability of LEDs in different customized shapes for both residential and commercial applications.

By Application, the market can be segregated into residential, commercial and government and based on correlated color temperature, the technology market can be segmented into 2700K-3000K, 3500K-4000K, 4000K-5000K,5000K-6500K and more than 6500K. The residential sector is estimated to be major sector driving the demand, although government segment is anticipated to swiftly adopting the technology in their premises, public places and initializing the smart cities projects for further development of the technology.

Europe accounts for highest share in the global industry owing to the high adoption rate of the energy efficient solutions and the initiatives taken by European Union attributed towards zero energy building by 2020. The market is further followed by the North America and Asia Pacific regions. The growth in the Asia Pacific region is attributed to increasing implementation of the technology coupled with growing urbanization.

Solar roof tiles or solar shingles also referred as photovoltaic shingles, are the solar panels designed to function as the conventional roofing materials while producing electricity. Solar roof tiles are built into the structure of the roof making them an inconspicuous choice for the homeowners. The tiles produce the renewable electricity same as solar panels and each tile is made up of photovoltaic (PV) cells. Solar roof tiles or solar shingles are the building- integrated photovoltaics (BIPV).

Solar shingles are smaller in size comparison to traditional solar panels and are comparable to traditional roofing shingles about 86 inches long by 12 inches wide and weigh 13 pounds per square foot. Each shingle can produce 13 to 63 watts of electricity. These tiles are usually less than an inch thick and a standard installation is 350 tiles which can be installed in any climate.

The amount of electricity produced will depend on the various factors which include duration of the time for which tiles are exposed to sunlight, the efficiency rating of the solar tiles and orientation and angle of the roof. The electricity generated can be stored in solar battery storage system for future use. However, the price of the solar tiles is high compare to the solar panels but installing the solar tiles will add the value to the house. According to the Energy Saving Trust, installation of the solar tiles can increase the house price by as much as 10%.

Increasing demand for the tiles in new building properties for better energy efficiency is expected to enhance the industry growth over the forecast period. Furthermore, solar shingles also offer the huge opportunity for re-roof the property to the home owners for enhanced energy efficiency.

Easy installation along with the sleek appearance of the solar roof tiles is anticipated to impact the market demand in a positive manner. Moreover, high installation cost and lower efficiency of the solar tiles is projected to restrain the industry. However, the installation prices will fall as the homeowners grow more accustomed to own PV products such as solar shingles, hence providing the opportunity to increase the industry share.

Additionally, the UK government Feed-in Tariff scheme has also encouraged the property owners to re-roof their property. The tariff scheme is split into two set of payments which include Generation Tariff and Export Tariff. The scheme has stimulated the demand across the region as the people earn the money for every kWh of electricity generated through the solar shingles and also on the extra kWh of electricity fed to the National Grid.

Key manufacturers in the industry include SolarCity (Tesla, Inc.), CertainTeed (Saint-Gobain), Solarcentury, SolarShingle Canada, Atlantis Energy Systems, Forward Labs and SunTegra Solar Reef Systems. In January 2018, Tesla, Inc. the company announced that the company is ramping up the production of solar tiles product at their Buffalo Gigafactory in New York and also stated to begin the installations for their customers.

The Lithium-air or Li-air battery is a metal air electrochemical cell which uses lithium oxidation at the anode and oxygen reduction at the cathode to induce a current flow. The Li-air battery has a very high energy density equivalent to gasoline, triggering global interest in super energy storage system. As comparison to other battery devices, Li-air batteries offers higher analytical energy density, high efficiency, and prolonged shelf life, which is anticipated to boost the renewable energy economy. Lithium-air batteries integrate the lightest and most electronegative metal of Li with the inexhaustibly ambient oxygen, hence involving intensive attentions owing to the main application in transportation.

Li-air batteries have been anticipated to have applications in specific sectors, associated with renewable energy such as smart-city projects, off-grid systems, and on-grid hybrid power supplies. However, high accumulation of metal wastes may create hurdle for the growth. The European Directive 2006/66/EC, was announced on 26 September 2006 on batteries and accumulators to overcome such hurdles. The Directive states that all member states must recycle and collect materials (including batteries), irrespective of their electrochemical classification.

Argonne National Laboratory (US Department of Energy) researchers have designed an advanced chemical process for super lithium oxide production, therefore improving the performance and the resistance of the accumulator. Additionally, Cambridge researchers have also revealed a study on lithium-air battery working with 90% efficiency and can be recharged 2,000 times, paving firm opportunities for the global expansion.

Rechargeable Li-air batteries have ultra-high energy densities theoretical capacities are considered as one of the most promising power sources for next-generation electric vehicles. For instance, in July 2016, Tesla installed a massive battery plant in Nevada, and has started working on stability, overheating, light weightlessness, and fire-proof batteries

Lithium Iron Phosphate (LFP), Nickel Cobalt Aluminum (NCA ), Nickel Manganese Cobalt ( NMC), lithium cobalt oxide (LCO ) and Lithium MANGANESE Oxide (LMO ) are few types of lithium-air batteries, differing in strengths, and used for various applications. For instance, NMC is generally considered as the most potential for application in Electric Vehicles (EVs) owing to the high performance, safety and low cost.

 Increasing applications in electric vehicles, smart devices, and development of enhanced Li-air batteries are considered as the major factors enhancing the industry growth.  Li-air batteries have huge potential, providing up to five times more energy than other conventional batteries, paves new opportunities for the growth. Furthermore, gradual shift of automobile sector from petroleum fueled vehicles towards electric vehicles has also projected to witness the growth over the forecast period.

The global lithium air battery market has been segmented by type and application. On the basis of type, the market has been segregated into conventional lithium air batteries and Nano lithium air batteries. Conventional lithium air batteries are majorly used for the development of clean energy as compared to traditional batteries producing flammable gases & chemical emission. Conventional lithium air batteries are fundamentally lithium dry air batteries since; lithium air batteries cannot withstand carbon dioxide or moisture. Furthermore, Nano lithium air batteries can deliver thrice the capacity of current attempts and can be operational for thousands of the cycle with 12 minutes charge. Based on application, the global market has been bifurcated as electronics application, Electric Vehicles (EVs), and grid backups. The electronic segment is projected to account for the largest market shares among all the applications. The progress of advanced, higher energy lithium batteries is essential in the rapid business of the electric car market.

Europe region for battery market is expected to contribute majorly to the industry and is projected to witness significant growth over the forecast period. In Asia Pacific region, the emerging economies such as China and India are expected to witness a rise for the demand of lithium air batteries owing to their tremendous electronics market.

Major players in the lithium air batteries market are targeting on innovation and delivering their products at competitive prices. Some of the key players for the Li-air battery market include Poly Plus Battery Company, Mullen Technologies Inc., and Lithium Air Industries among others.

Green energy is the form of energy derived from clean sources such as solar photovoltaic, hydropower, wind energy, bio-fuels and geothermal and producing minimal pollution. Green energy includes sources of energy from sun, hydro, wind, geothermal, and biofuel. Green certificates, green tags, and tradable renewable certificates are few of the green energy certificates to promote a widespread application of green energy and reduces the dependency on fossil fuel resources coupled with diminishing the environmental hazards. With the upsurge of smart cities in emerging economies, the demand in the green energy market is anticipated to grow at a high CAGR over the forecast period.

Rising investments in technology, continuous R&D activities, supportive regulatory frameworks, growing awareness and energy security issues coupled with environmental concerns are fuelling the growth in demand for clean and green energy. With energy prices spiraling out of control, many organizations are searching for ways to reduce and control energy costs. Rising trend of green energy implementation fosters a great deal of interest to various global players. Wind power source has been anticipated to be the fastest growing alternative energy segment owing to attractive cost structure as compared to other alternative energy and distributed generation solutions, such as cogeneration and solar power.

The wind power segment has been expected to dominate owing to large horizontal wind turbines. Owing to factors such as efficient economics of horizontal wind turbines favoring large units, multiple-megawatt installations and current technology dynamics, many companies install wind power plant at manufacturing unit  Climatic variation, environmental issues, need for energy security driving demand for green energy, and increased reliability and reducing costs fueling consumer demand for the energy over the forecast period. However, higher relative costs of green energy technologies tend to hinder the market growth over the forecast period. Although, new markets and green energy industries are anticipated to witness huge opportunities for the growth.

The global green energy industry has been segmented on the basis of energy type and end users. Based on energy type, the market has been segregated as solar photovoltaic, wind energy, hydroelectric power, bio-fuels and geothermal energy. Solar photovoltaic segment is further bifurcated into solar PV inverter, micro-inverters, string inverters and central inverters. End user segment for green energy technology comprises of commercial, residential and industrial.

Hydroelectric power segment has been anticipated to dominate green energy industry owing to large pre-installed base capacity. Solar PV is projected to be the fastest growing renewable source of energy, in terms of revenue. Demand for solar PV is expected to grow owing to increased efficiency and declining costs. The global market for solar PV inverters has been expected to have a steady growth in terms of revenue despite rise in PV inverter shipments as average selling prices is estimated to stabilize over the forecast period. Residential sector has been expected to be the fastest emerging end-user segment in terms of green energy consumption over the forecast period. Significant growth in residential photovoltaic installations has been witnesses owing to rising rational net metering policies and attractive cost economics. Furthermore, green energy sector growth in the commercial sector is predicted to rise due to compliance requirements and strict government regulations.

The overall green energy sector is fragmented with several international and domestic players competing across different segments. Prominent players operating in the industry includes First Solar Inc, Alterra Power Corporation, Enphase Energy Inc ABB Ltd., Kyocera Solar Inc, Hanwha Q Cells GmbH, Suzlon Energy Ltd., U.S. Geothermal Inc, Enercon GmbH, Yingli Green Energy Holding Co. Ltd., GE Energy, Calpine Corporation, JA Solar Holdings Co. Ltd., Nordex SE, Suntech Power Holdings Co. Ltd., and Archer Daniels Midland Company.

Oil and Gas are the major source of the world's energy in the 21st century and are naturally occurring petroleum products extracted from the earth’s crust used extensively in automobiles, machineries and utility products. The demand for oil and gas was earlier met through various onshore methods of oil and gas extraction. However, exhaustion of onshore oil reserves and increasing energy demand, have given rise to offshore techniques.

Offshore production began in 1940's offshore Louisiana and has increased tremendously over last six decades. Offshore production represents the process of oil and gas extraction that takes place mostly in the seabed and oceans. Oil and gas are extracted from the wells and transferred through ships and pipelines to refineries. Approximately 30 percent of world’s oil and gas production is extracted from offshore and is expected to increase significantly over the forecast period.

Rising demands for oil & gas, increase in their applications as well as emergence of innovative techniques in offshore production are the major factors propelling the growth of offshore oil & gas industry. The current market trends for the offshore oil and gas market includes technological advances for developing oil reserves, well log interpretation and the development of well-simulation models. Extending the service life span and redevelopment of aging reservoirs as well as discovery of new oilfields are the opportunities for positive industry growth over the forecast period.

The global offshore oil and gas market is bifurcated based on the type of drilling, platform, offerings and region. Based on the type of drilling, the offshore oil and gas industry is further segmented as shallow water drilling and deep water drilling. Shallow water drilling is done near the coastal areas or sea shores which are few feet deep, while the deep water drilling is done in the deep seas with the depth of thousand feet.

Based on the settlement of production platform, the offshore oil and gas market is divided into fixed platforms and floating platform. Fixed platforms are attached to the seafloor and have legs resting on the seafloor. These legs are constructed of concrete or steel. This platform is very stable owing to limited exposure to movements by wind and water forces. The platforms cannot be used in deep water since; it is very costly to build such long legs. Fixed platforms were initially used for the offshore development, but as the oil fields have gone deeper, the application of fixed platform has decreased. Floating platform has become the major solution for offshore production and is preferred as these platforms can be moved from one place to another. Further, the floating platform segment of the global offshore oil and gas market is divided into, four types of floating production facilities, which includes floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) vessels, tension leg platforms (TLPs), spars and semi-submersibles.

Based on the offerings, the offshore oil and gas industry is categorized as services and product & components. Few companies offer facilities required for the production and focus on finding, augmenting and merchandising different types of oil and gas and other services. These facilities include well intervention services, and well completion services. While the product and components include the key components utilized during the process of drilling.

The offshore oil and gas market has been bifurcated geographically into five regions; this includes North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa and Latin America. It also includes countries/regions such as the U.S, the U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China, India, GCC, North Africa, South Africa and Brazil. Improvements are taking place at the Golden Triangle area near Brazil, the US Gulf of Mexico and West Africa, and are expected to speed up during 2019. In West Africa, huge number of projects in Angola and Nigeria are poised whereas in Mexico, six out of nine deep-water oil auctions were carried successfully.

The major companies that provide offshore oil and gas facilities include ExxonMobil, Royal Dutch Shell, Chevron, PetroChina, Technip, Schlumberger, Baker Hughes, Halliburton, Transocean, NOV, Weatherford International Ltd., Calfrac Well Services Ltd. among all the others. These companies are highly focused on research and development and offering innovative solutions in the offshore oil and gas industry. For Instance, Transocean is drilling deep-water wells faster as compared to other players. Also, Borr Drilling and Schlumberger together have agreed to offer integrated and performance-based drilling contracts. The idea behind partnering over this agreement is to leverage Schlumberger’s expertise with Borr Drilling’s modern jack up fleet.

Bladeless Wind Turbine uses a radically new approach to capturing wind energy. Bladeless wind turbines lack rotating blades and are designed to stand erect and oscillate in response to the vortices. The top-heavy part of conventional wind turbines requires high-quality components to avoid structural damage increasing the constructional cost. The reduced weight of turbines as compared to hefty blade turbines is acting as a primary driver of the global bladeless wind turbines market.

The issues raised with conventional wind turbines is the amount of cost involved in set-up and maintenance, the amount of space required to operate and the noise created with moving parts. The bladeless wind turbine overcomes the issues of traditional wind turbine and are constructed to be virtually silent, can be attached to any stable structure and have affordable prices. Also, the cost of maintenance is also quite minimal since, the turbine has very few moving parts. The engineers at Vortex Bladeless anticipated that bladeless wind turbine would cost around 51 percent less than a traditional turbine.

The rod-like design of the bladeless wind turbine consume a lot less horizontal space allowing to be situated in more confined environments, such as urban or suburban areas. Furthermore, the design of bladeless turbine ensures the turbine rotation at high RPMs with total safety unlike a conventional turbine which explodes under failure due to fatigue. However, one of the key challenges faced by the bladeless wind turbines is not able to convert into energy as efficiently as current wind turbines. Increased efficiency in wind power generation, rural electrification, reduction in manufacturing costs, and growing residential applications such as Vortex Mini of 4kW developed by Vortex Bladeless S.L are few key trends spurring the global bladeless turbine market over the forecast period.

Bladeless turbine industry has been segmented on the basis of application, including marine off-grid systems, remote telemetry, agriculture, domestic purpose, telecom, signage and rail signaling. Agriculture segment is been anticipated to hold the major share owing to various applications for electric fence powering, water pumps, lighting in stables and chicken sheds, underwater cameras powering at salmon farms. Furthermore, domestic segment includes residential battery charging and grid connection in rural areas as well. Bladeless wind power generators are also been expected to installed near railway signals to supply power to the signaling systems.

Bladeless wind turbines technology is expected to grow enormously in Western Europe owing to availability of advanced technology coupled with favorable environmental conditions. Furthermore, the market is also projected to spur in North America region owing to technological development of new and innovative rotors, drive systems, towers, and controls. Asia Pacific is projected to flourish owing to rising government initiatives for wind energy promotion. According to National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), the United States and Europe has been expected to increase wind’s fraction of the electrical energy mix to more than 20% within the next two decades.

Prominent players operating in global bladeless wind turbine market includes Vestas, General Electric (GE), Siemens, Gamesa, Enercon, Senvion, Nordex, Goldwind, Suzlon and Envision. Additionally, the industry has been predicted to propel by the efforts of a Spanish company, Vortex Bladeless, innovated a contemporary design of bladeless turbines. Owing to intensive ongoing research and product enhancements, more companies are projected to enter the sector over the forecast period.

There are many sources of energy used as substitutes of non-renewable energy sources which includes sunlight, wind, rains, tides, etc. Wind energy is the largest source of energy, and approximately accounts for half of the energy produced from other alternative sources. Several technologies have been introduced to harness wind energy. As per the Global Wind Energy Council (GWEC) and Greenpeace International, wind turbines are expected to supply 12% of the global electricity and contribute as the major source in reducing CO2 emissions, by year 2020.

An Airborne wind energy system is a technology, which includes turbines at high altitude, which extract hundred times greater kinetic energy as compared to the conventional wind turbines. In Airborne energy systems, airborne wind turbines are suspended in the air, without any tower or support from the ground and can operate at high as well as low altitudes. The airborne wind turbines are secured to the ground using electrically conductive tethers, which helps energy transmission.

Increasing demand for alternate sustainable energy sources, fluctuating prices of fuel derived from non-renewable sources, and low maintenance system cost are the major factors propelling the growth of airborne wind turbine market. Extreme bad weather conditions, may lead to temporary suspension of these wind turbines. Moreover, due to their setup at the higher altitude, there is constant fear of unpredicted collision. These factors may restrain the airborne wind turbine industry.

The global airborne wind turbine market is bifurcated by system, type and region. Based on the system, the airborne wind turbine (AWT) industry is segmented as ground generator system and fly generator system. Ground generator system is used for the conversion from mechanical energy to electrical energy, is completed on ground, whereas in fly generator system, the conversion takes place on the aircraft in the air. The ground generator system includes different types of systems such as leading edge inflatable kite, supported leading edge kite, foil kite, glider and swept rigid wing among all the other systems. While the fly generator system includes various systems designed and manufactured by Joby Energy, plane with four turbines designed by Makani Power, Static suspension quad rotor by Sky WindPower, etc.

Further, based on the types of turbines used, which includes kite type, balloon type, kytoon type and tethered auto gyro type. The kite type turbine is suspended at higher altitudes and extracts energy through the application of dual purpose circular fan, rotary wing kite and multi-tethered kites among the others. Balloon type uses an enormous helium-filled balloon, blimp or envelope that floats over the altitude of more than 1000 feet. The gas-filled turbine has helium, as it is lighter and provides buoyancy to the entire arrangement. The balloon feeds the energy into the grid through cables that will connect to the ground. In kytoon type, the turbine uses both balloon and kite arrangement for power generation from high altitude winds, whereas in tethered auto gyro type, the wind turbines are made to float by utilizing a tethered crankshaft, unmanned aerial vehicle, gyrocopter or gyroplane, alongside an unpowered rotor providing thrust.

Geographically, the market includes North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa and Latin America as major regions which are further bifurcated into countries/regions such as the U.S, the U.K., Germany, France, Japan, China, India, GCC, North Africa, South Africa and Brazil. Government organizations across several countries have involved in framing new rules and regulations to reduce pollution by encouraging methods such as airborne wind energy to produce clean and never-ending energy. Such initiatives by government are fueling the growth of the market.

The prominent players involved in the development of, airborne wind turbine includes ACCIONA S.A., DeWind Co., Fuhrländer AG, Ampyx Power, E-Kite Netherlands BV, EnerKite GmbH, Altaeros Energies, eWind Solutions, Kite Power Solutions, Ltd., Makani Power, SkySails GmbH & Co. KG, Windlift LLC, Twingtec AG, Omnidea, Kitenergy S.r.l., kPower LLC, and KiteMill among all the other players. In May 2018, Makani Power produced power for the first time with a 600-kW energy kite with eight rotors and the wingspan of a small jet airliner. The company has the high-performance carbon fiber kite which measures 85 ft across, and has eight onboard rotors each of 7.5 feet diameter. The company is carrying R&D for the system which changes to lift power generation and permitting the kite to produce more electricity than its consumption will be carried. Other players are similarly involved in research & development, acquisitions, expansions and collaboration for the strategic growth.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Oil and Gas market has been attributed to big data technology for improving E&P capabilities, and rising demand for automation in oil & gas market. The market is expected to witness gradual growth owing to constant cash flow crunches and falling oil prices. The industry has started adapting optimized performance while maintaining long-term investment and profitability. Gradual rise in venture capital investments,  and reducing pressure of production costs will also benefit the industry.

The implementation of AI tools has led the upstream oil and gas companies to shift the production at all cost to production in context. AI tools are also utilized for profit & loss management along with optimizing production cost per barrel.  The implementation of AI for integration of data collection for analysis and forecasting, optimized operation, and production management is further expected to fuel the industry. On macro scale, investment decision in production & exploration, along with economic conditions are accomplished with AI boosting the sector globally.

Furthermore, the technology also allows planning and forecasting, eliminating cost of drilling, well reservoir facility management, predictive maintenance and remote logistics. Although, lack of stringent regulation and guidelines and high AI installation costs are projected to restrain the market growth. Growing concerns for data privacy and cyber security risks may also hinder the industry growth. However, improved operational efficiency and predictive maintenance have paved future growth for the market.

The market for AI in oil & gas has been segmented by type, function, and application. Furthermore, type segment is categorized into hardware, software, and hybrid. On the basis of function, as the segment is segregated into predictive maintenance & machinery inspection, material movement, production planning, field services, quality control, and reclamation. The application of the technology includes upstream, midstream, and downstream.

The software growth in North America is expected to drive the demand for upstream oil & gas applications. Predictive maintenance solutions have wide application for analyzing operational data such as real-time decision making & drill maintenance.  The solution is suitable for all the streams and help in predicting accurate system status to overcome production costs and uninterrupted operations.

Geographically, the industry is categorized as North America, Europe Union (EU), Asia Pacific (APAC), Middle East and Africa (MEA) and Latin America (LA). North America is anticipated to have major share traced in comparison to Europe and APAC. Rising implementation of AI technologies by service providers and oilfield operators and strong presence of prominent AI system and software suppliers, particularly in the US and Canada has driven the regional growth.

Prominent global players are IBM, Accenture, Microsoft Corporation, Google LLC and Oracle Corporation. Furthermore, the prominent players are highly investing in R&D, for launching products and ground-breaking services for increasing the awareness amongst the end-users. Other key players are CISCO Systems, Fugenx Technologies, General Vision, HortonWorks, Intel, Numenta, and Sentient Technologies.